May 3, 2011


Bihari cuisine is not as famous as cuisines of few other states of  India, but there is one dish from Bihar which is synonymous with Bihar and that is Litti .It is a crusted ball of wheat flour stuffed with spiced Sattu [roasted gram flour], traditionally made in an open fire but now is commonly baked in oven due to ease and feasibility.
Sattu is extensively used in Bihari dishes in form of Littis,Sattu Paratha,Satttu ka namkeen sharbat [Salted Sattu drink with lime or aam panna], Sattu ka meetha sharbat[Sweetened Sattu drink],and sometimes simply spiced sattu dough is eaten all alone or accompanied with plain rice or rotis.

If you are in Bihar ,Sattu means flour of Roasted gram flour, but in other states it can mean flour of other cereals too. I have tried searching for it in Bombay at few places without any luck. Though it is available easily in Delhi. So whenever we make a trip to Bihar or Delhi we stock up our Sattu, because life of a bihari is unimaginable without the constant dose of Sattu paratha or littis. And while I am writing this ,I am craving for the salted sattu drink which I haven't had for quite sometime. That for me is one of the most delicious and lip-smacking drink.
Litti and Sattu Paratha have the same stuffing. Though I like sattu parathas more, there is a romantic charm in making littis in the open fire apart from the additional smoked flavour. I have done that only once at my in-laws place .It was slightly cold night.and a brick oven was specially set up that day on the terrace to make littis. My mom-in-law was the main chef , i was only a helper :-) .
I never had courage to make littis in the oven . I had it on my mind since I saw it there and decided to make it for dinner last night. The recipe which I have followed is the way I have seen at home, though the instructions on how to make them in an oven is mainly from Aipi's blog. Since I use a microwave oven in convection mode, I was wary of using aluminum foil as I have heard it causes sparks, so I didn't use the aluminum foil. Greasing the baking dish worked fine for me.

 For Dough:
1 and 1/2 cup Whole wheat Flour
3/4  up Curd[yogurt]
1/2 tsp Baking soda
2 pinch of salt

For Stuffing
1 cup Sattu (roasted gram flour)
1 small onion, finely chopped
7-8 big Garlic cloves finely chopped
1 inch Ginger finely chopped
2  Green chilies, finely chopped
2 tsp Coriander leaves, finely chopped
1/2 tsp Nigella seeds (Mangrella or kalonji)
1 and 1/2  tsp Carom seeds [Ajwain]
 Juice of 1 lemon
2 Tbsp Mirch achar masala (stuffing of the red chili pickle) I use the cover too by chopping it
1 tbsp Mango achaar masala [optional]
Mustard oil [ preferably the oil in which Achar/Pickle has been made]

Salt to taste [ add after adding Achar Masala which has salt too ]

  1. Mix all the stuffing ingredients with Sattu together. Sprinkle some drops of water to make it crumbly.
  2. Preheat oven to 185 C.
  3. Grease the baking dish with some ghee /oil.
  4. With the dough  ingredients, knead the dough. Don't put all the curd at once. Keep adding little by little till a soft dough forms.Make 8 -9 balls slightly bigger than a lemon. Flatten each ball in your palm to make and make a  3 to 3 1/2  inch diameter  circle. Dust with flour if it is sticky.  
  5. Stuff 2 to 3 tsp sattu filling in the center of the circle and close it from all sides.
  6. Line the littis on the baking dish and bake till it is golden brown. It will take around 35-45 minutes and it differs from oven to oven so keep an eye otherwise it might get burnt. keep aside once done.
  7. To give a smokey touch, you can put them on gas flame  for few seconds by holding them with tongs.
  8. To serve, apply some ghee on them, you can also break them into half and put a teaspoon of ghee inside. Serve it hot with Brinjal bharta/Chokha.
I have served it with a different  spiced Brinjal bharta which was already cooked in the morning, but traditionally it is served with bharta/choka of boiled Potatoes,roasted tomatoes and roasted brinjal to which mustard oil,chopped onion,garlic and green chillies are added.

Linking this to Aipi and Priya's Bookmarked recipe and Hearth and Soul Hop


Priya (Yallapantula) Mitharwal said...

Yum, bahut sari yaadein yaad aa gayi litti dekh kar. Thanks for linking it to our bookmarked event. New here, love your blog already :)

Raji said...

Regional cuisines are a treat to have and these litti's are looking very inviting. Awesome!!!

Priya said...

Litti looks super healthy and filling,quite a new dish for me..

Suja said...

Looks delicious,new to me..thanks for sharing.

Now Serving said...

what an interesting recipe -I hear Sattu is a very healthy grain. I have had the drink you refer to a lot - amma's magic pick me up drink :)great to read more about bihari foods

Sobha Shyam said...

Interesting recipe..looks great!!

aipi said...

That turned out really well- I am pleased that my post was helpful for you. I share your sentiments on Bihari cuisine and litti is indeed synonymous with the cuisine- BTW where is your hometown, I am from Jamshedpur :)
Thanks a lot for linking to bookmarked event :)
US Masala

Saras said...

very inviting dear & new recipe too..bookmarked it..

Preety said...

super delicious

SinFoodie said...

Thank you Everyone :) Am really glad you liked it :)

@Aipi - I am from Munger , it is near Bhagalpur :) I hope you have heard about it.

Hamaree Rasoi said...

Littis look so delicious and wholesome. I can only imagine how much you have relished it .Thanks for visiting my blog .

Hamaree Rasoi

Anonymous said...

Love this post. I love these little beauties now, though must admit didn't quite grow up on them as grew up in UP, but a friend from Bihar introduced me to these and love them ever since. Never made them though, so, am going to use your post to give it a go.

Also, thanks for stopping by on my baking devils space. I am new to baking too and am learning and experimenting every single day.

Manjari said...

I tried it and it came out really well...all thanks to you :) I knew how to make litti but had no idea how to make it in the microwave oven...I also made some dal with it so we could enjoy it as litti as well as dal baati...a favourite one in Prasoon's just one dish had the flavor of Bihar and Rajasthan ...I am sure my Mom in Law will be impressed when i make it for her :)

Arundhuti said...

I had litti for the first and only time when I had gone to Patna to meet my husband's relatives, and I fell in love with them. Your pictures are making me want some right now. I think it's time I should try it at home..:)

Shireen Sequeira said...

Wow! Finally I found the recipe cum pics of Litti - had read an article in Mint Lounge, Saturday's supplement sometime ago...thanks for sharing, will definitely try this one

sharmila said...

Hey ,I love Sattu and You can get it from all Sahakari bazaar outlets and few D mart outlets in Mumbai.

DV said...

I have learnt something about Bihari cuisine from this post of yours! Looks awesome and I have bookmarked this to try later.

Anonymous said...

I think you have the best photos on the net of this dish. That is why I linked my post on Bihari cuisine to yours.

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